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CNED 516: Statistics and Research Methods for Counselors: Home
Boolean operators are words or symbols that are used in conjunction with words to refine searches.
Here are six helpful ones to use:
AND - narrows
Ex: ADHD and boys (this narrows down our results to only include ADHD and boys)
NOT - excludes
Ex: ADHD not boys (this narrows down our results to include things about ADHD excluding those that mention boys)
OR - expands
Ex: boys or males or guy (this expands our our search to search for multiple possible terms)
* - expands
Ex: rac* (using the asterisk in replace of an ending on a word will expand your search to include results that have any ending on the base word.)
" " - exact phrase
Ex: "executive functioning" (this pulls up results that are stated in the item exactly as written)
( ) - confine
Ex: (ADHD or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) AND (boys or guys or males) - (this will instruct the database or search engine on what parts go together in your search phrase
What is a Literature Review?
The purpose of a literature review is to provide an overview of literature (scholarly articles, books, etc.) on a particular subject matter.
Literature reviews are not meant to be persuasive or argumentative. They are meant to be summative and provide an analysis on information that has already been published on the topic being researched.
Peer Review is a process that articles may undergo to be published in a journal. It can be a lengthy process, taking months or years for an article to go from submission to publication.
Once an article is submitted, an editor reviews it to determine if it fits in the topic scope with the journal. If it does, the editor passes it on to a team of reviewers. These reviewers are experts in the field of study the article is based in. They will read the article and determine if it meets a selection of criteria, including but not limited to authority, relevancy, etc. Many times reviewers make comments on the article and expect revisions to be made before the article is published. This revision process could occur multiple times before the reviewers feel the article is of a high enough quality to publish.
To take a look at the peer review process first hand, visit The Royal Society. Authors and reviewers can opt for an open review process. This process allows the readers to look at the review history of an article and see comments made.
Ethics, particularly those geared towards research, are important for any field. Ethics can vary from discipline to discipline, especially in terms of research. While some disciplines work with human subjects, others do not. Thus, the research ethics in each discipline can vary.
The American Counseling Association and the American School Counseling Association each has an Ethics Guide.
It is important that scientists follow research ethics for a variety of reasons. One of the most important is that it keeps data from being misreported or fabricated. Having data that is accurate and reliable is crucial for everyone. If a reader is unknowingly incorporating fabricated or misrepresented research into his/her own practice, it could be detrimental and cause great harm.
Librarians are available to help in several ways:
Visit the Reference Desk in Milne Library
Call the Reference Desk at 607-436-2722
E-mail a question to a librarian and receive a response within 48 hours
One way to locate print resources is through the Milne Library Catalog. To access the library catalog, click on the “library catalog” tab on the library’s homepage. You will then use the Call Number to locate the item in the library. If you need help finding the item, please do not hesitate to ask.
The second way is through Worldcat. To access Worldcat, click on the Worldcat tab on the library homepage. Once you have entered your search terms, you can limit your results using the tools located on the left hand side of your results list. If you would like a book that Milne library doesn’t own, you will request it through ILLiad.
***You can also check out items at Hartwick College with your SUNY Oneonta ID card.***
Locating Online Resources - Databases
Electronic articles can be searched through our databases. There are some general databases and some subject specific databases. To access the databases, click on the database tab on the library homepage. You can then browse through them alphabetically, or browse by discipline (i.e., gender studies, history, etc.).
Below you will find a list of databases that will be helpful for your current assignment. It is not an exhaustive list, but it is a good place to start.
Full text for about 8,500 periodicals including over 7,300 peer-reviewed journals across most areas of academic study as well as indexing and abstracts for more than 12,500 magazines and journals. Coverage is from 1887 to the present.
Full-text for over 1700 journals, 550 books, and selected education-related conference papers. Covers elementary education, special education, literacy standards, multicultural/ethnic education, secondary education, and teaching methods. Encompasses all content from Education Research Complete.
Contains about 2000 viewpoint articles, 1000 topic overviews, 700 court case overviews, and 30 full text periodicals and newspapers. The Research Guide provides tips on analyzing issues with opposing viewpoints, distinguishing fact from opinion, evaluating information sources, and recognizing deceptive arguments.
Contains full-text essays representing multiple sides of about 250 topics; in addition, the database includes political magazines, radio and television news transcripts, primary source documents, and reference books. Designed to provide a series of controversial essays that present multiple sides of a current issue. Essays provide questions and materials for further thought and study and are accompanied by thousands of supporting articles from the world's top political and societal publications.
Full text of over 100 scholarly journals and books from university presses in fields including literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, political science, gender studies, and economics. Can be used for course content: Includes books from many university presses and scholarly journals