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PHED 101: Introduction to Exercise Science (Griffes)

Example of an Empirical Article

The link below takes you to an example of an empirical article.  This was found searching the PubMed database, using Qigong as the search term, and selecting Clinical Trial under Article Type (on the left).  You'll notice that this article has an Introduction, Methods/Designs, Discussion, and extensive References.

What are Empirical Articles?

An empirical article is a research article that reports the results of a study that uses quantitative or qualitative data derived from observation or experimentation.  Empirical articles are found in peer-reviewed journals.  There are several different sections, which typically include Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and a substantial list of References.

Empirical articles are always peer-reviewed (also known as scholarly). Peer-review is a process that many scholarly journals undertake to evaluate the quality of the material being submitted. When an article is submitted to be published in a peer-reviewed journal, several impartial reviewers (who are experts in the subject matter) assess for accuracy, and the validity of the research methodology and procedure. 

Though you can usually limit a search in a database to just peer-reviewed articles, it is always best to double-check by using Ulrichsweb.  Click the link below, and after you type in the journal title (not the article title), look for the little referee uniform.  

Databases to Find Empirical Articles

Databases provide access to articles and other information; sometimes the full text is available but sometimes only the abstract and citation information are available (in which case you can request the item through interlibrary loan). Databases can include access to peer-reviewed articles, magazine articles, newspaper articles, etc.  Some are specialized by topic, and some are interdisciplinary.  Milne Library subscribes to hundreds of databases.  Those listed below are a good start for your work in this class: